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US Representative District 13

Choose one candidate to serve a two-year term in the U.S. House of Representatives. U.S. Representatives receive an annual salary of $174,000.

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  • Candidate picture

    John Conyers Jr.
    (Dem)

  • Candidate picture

    Jeff Gorman
    (Rep)

  • Tiffany Hayden
    (L)

  • Candidate picture

    Sam Johnson
    (WCP)

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Biographical Information

Do you support and will you appear at campaign events with your party’s presidential nominee?

How would you rate the State of Michigan's response to the Flint water crisis?

Explain.

How would you rate the federal government’s response to the Flint water crisis?

Explain.

Should Congress provide funding to help Flint, and other cities across the U.S., reduce and eventually eliminate lead service lines?

Do you support deals like the Trans-Pacific Partnership? Do they help create jobs in the U.S.? Why or why not?

What do you think needs to be done to make the U.S. tax code fairer?

Do you think Obamacare should be augmented or replaced? How would you change it? What would you replace it with?

Have you ever been convicted of a misdemeanor or felony? If so, please explain.

Have you ever filed for personal bankruptcy? If so, please explain.

What specifically would you do to help colleges control the cost of tuition?

The U.S., and Michigan specifically, has long been a place of refuge for people displaced by wars and acts of terror. Should it remain so, especially with regard to refugees from Iraq, Syria and the Middle East?

Would you support a Constitutional amendment repealing Citizens United?

If an American auto company wants to open a plant in another country in order to reduce costs and increase its competitiveness worldwide, should it be able to do so? Should it have to pay additional taxes or fees for work performed overseas?

Where should the U.S. concentrate its job creation efforts?

Should the U.S. Senate confirm a Supreme Court Justice before a new president takes office? If not, why not?

What is the role of Congress when its majority sits in political opposition to the president?

Has the relationship between Congress and the president lost the respect it ought to have during the last two terms? If so, how would you restore it?

How effective has the Republican majority in the House been in exercising the House’s constitutional role in the federal government?

Do you believe income inequality is a problem in America? If so, what would you do about it?

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Racial inequality continues to be a serious problem in America.

If you agree, what would you do about it? If you disagree, explain why.

Do you support a moratorium on the deportation of undocumented immigrants whose children were born in the United States?

Do you favor the deportation of all undocumented immigrants?

Do you support legislation to reform the decennial redistricting process by placing it in the hands of in the hands of a non-partisan agency?

How would you reduce the number of firearm-related injuries and deaths in the U.S.?

As more boomers enter retirement, the nation faces critical shortages in eldercare services and rapidly rising levels of poverty among older Americans. What should Congress do about it?

City of residence Detroit
Age 87
Family Wife Monica, Sons Carl and John III
Education Graduate of Northwestern High School in Detroit
Vehicles owned N/A
Professional Experience Michigan National Guard 1948–50 U.S. Army 1950–54 U.S. Army Reserves 1954–57 Assistant to Congressman John D. Dingell, Jr. U.S. Congressman, 1965-present
Political Experience U.S. Congressman since 1965
Race/ethnicity African American
Campaign Website http://johnconyers.com
Incumbent? true
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I believe the state has done an extremely poor job of responding to the needs of Flint residents, and must take further action immediately to ensure everyone in Flint has access to clean, safe water. The State has created this problem with unaccountable Emergency Managers, and now the State must fix it—and fix it completely.
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I believe the Obama Administration has responded to the crisis by providing the support and coordination they are able to given funding constraints. Unfortunately, the Republican Majority in Congress has thus far failed to provide the funding needed to upgrade Flint's water infrastructure to help alleviate the crisis.
Yes, I have cosponsored Congressman Kildee’s bill to help Flint, and I have introduced H.R. 5313, the "Water Affordability, Transparency, Equity and Reliability (WATER) Act to provide the nearly $35 billion annually to modernize U.S. water infrastructure that the Environmental Protection Agency says is needed.
No, I have consistently opposed deal like the TPP which I believe benefit multinationals at the expense of U.S. workers and the environment. We cannot trade on a free and fair basis with nations that do not have labor or environmental protections and do not pay their workers any semblance of a living wage.
In addition to taking such steps as eliminating corporate loopholes and preferences and eliminating the cap on income subject to Social Security taxes, I have introduced H.R. 1000, the "Humphrey Hawkins 21st Century Full Employment and Training Act,” which utilizes a financial transaction fee to fund full employment initiatives and training nationwide.
Yes, in the short term I support the addition of "Public Option" to the Affordable Care Act. I also have introduced H.R. 676, "Medicare for All" legislation that would provide universal health care for all Americans. This is the leading universal health care plan in the Congress, and I have introduced it since 2001.
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I believe we need to reform the student loan process so that students have greater access to federal scholarships and grants, and are more easily able to discharge their loans in bankruptcy. I also support increased federal funding for public universities and community colleges, to make affordable higher education a reality. Even students who graduate are struggling with sky-high debt, and we have to fix this if we want our economy to truly recover.
Yes, I am proud of Michigan’s and America’s place as a refuge for persecuted persons and I continue to support our efforts at humanitarian leadership. As Ranking Democrat on the House Judiciary Committee, I have participated in annual refugee consultations with the State Department, and in that capacity have called on the Administration to significantly increases the flow of refugees from the Middle East due to the ongoing crisis in that part of the world.
Yes, I have held hearings and coauthored constitutional amendments to overturn the ill-considered Citizens United decision. This Congress, I am a lead cosponsor of H.J. Res 36, that would overturn the Citizens United decision.
I believe that should only happen if the other country provides labor and environmental protections comparable to the United States, fully opens their market to our products, and has protections against currency manipulation, to name but a few safeguards. We must do everything we can to ensure that our workers are not harmed by unfair competition.
Our national infrastructure is sorely lacking. We are the world’s largest economy, but we are passing on to our children a $3 trillion dollar in deferred maintenance and outdated infrastructure. We also need to be focused on ensuring that manufacturing jobs return to America—that means more direct skills development for our workforce, and ensuring that we don’t subject those jobs to unfair competition. Congress should be doing a much better job of supporting working people and those out of work. I have long supported increased federal funding for full employment and job training, as well as programs that help people who are laid off recover.
Yes, this is the constitutional obligation of the Senate, and they should do their job and consider the President's appointee immediately. Failing to act would create a dangerous precedent for future Presidential appointees. As a result, I have introduced H.Res 661, a House resolution to that effect.
Congress has an obligation to act as a check and balance on the executive branch at all times, regardless of party, but it is clear to me that too many in the other party have little interest in fulfilling their duties. Unfortunately, that is not what the American people want.
Yes. I have long had good relationships with many of my colleagues across the aisle, but I have been distressed by the disrespect shown our President by too many of my Republican friends and colleagues. I have long believed that we can disagree without being disagreeable—my hope is that we can take the work I am doing with some Republicans on civil liberties and criminal justice reform and build a better relationship in the Congress. I hope that will carry over to the relationship between Congress and the White House.
Sadly, Republicans in Congress seem more interested in scoring political points than working together in a bipartisan fashion to get the job done for working people. We spend countless hours on doomed legislation while letting issues like gun violence, the Flint water crisis, and the Zika health threat all go unaddressed because the Majority refuses to give Democrats a vote on meaningful legislation.
I do. I believe legislation such as my "Humphrey Hawkins 21st Century Full Employment Act" and "Medicare for All Act" (described above), as well as proposals to increase the minimum wage to $15/hour and provide free college tuition would help respond to the problem of income inequality. The American Dream only means something if everyone can work hard and achieve it—if it is only for the rich, than it undermines what I means to be American.
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Yes. I secured an investigation and GAO report that established that 60 years after Brown vs Board of Education our schools are re-segregating, and co-authored H.R. 5260, the "Equity and Inclusion Enforcement Act" which would ensure that parents and communities can take legal action to enforce racial equality in public schools. I have also introduced legislation to end racial profiling (H.R. 1933) and mitigate the impact of discriminatory mandatory minimum sentences in our criminal justice system (H.R. 3713).
Yes.
No.
Yes, so long as safeguards are included to protect minority voting rights and interests.
I have cosponsored legislation that would prevent individuals on the terrorism watch list from being able to purchase firearms (H.R. 752), close the gun show loophole (H.R. 1076), close the background check loophole (H.R. 1217), require background checks for all gun sales (H.R. 3051), and ban the sale of assault weapons (H.R. 3411) and high capacity magazines (H.R. 4269). I have also participated in the recent Democratic sit-in for gun safety on the House floor and co-hosted forums and sit-ins in the Detroit area in July.
We must take steps to properly fund and expand Medicare, as well as funding full employment and job training for all Americans, regardless of age. America made a promise to our seniors—and we must keep it. We can do that by investing in education programs that prepare a new generation of caretakers, and by making it easier for families to work and provide care for their loved ones.
City of residence Garden City
Education MS Industrial Engineering University of Cincinnati, BS Aerospace Engineering United States Naval Academy
Vehicles owned Ford Freestyle, Harley Davidson VROD
Professional Experience Naval Officer (Captain)/Aviator, Commercial Airline Pilot, Substitute Teacher, Park Ranger
Political Experience Due Diligent Citizen, Corresponds with elected officials, letters to editors
Race/ethnicity 100% United States citizen
Incumbent? false
Yes, if invited and they are someone I agree with.
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It appears some coverup may have occurred and those responsible must be prosecuted.
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However, a lot of out of state politicians used this crisis for grandstanding and serving their agenda.
It is a local issue and should be handled by the state to the best of their ability first. If more is required, or if it truly appears to be a national issue, then consideration can be given to getting the federal government involved.
No. One word: NAFTA. Problem with these "deals" is that they are long on promise and short on delivery. US jobs did leave the country as a result.
Fair tax or flat tax needs to replace the burdensome system that costs us time and expense to maintain records, file, and handle discrepancies. The burden placed upon businesses gets passed on to the consumer.
Replaced. Government control of health care is a mistake. Look at anything that the federal government has involved itself in and see how it helped. First, the constitution mentions nothing about healthcare being a power assigned to the federal government. Second, since health care cost seems to be the issue, we must examine what determines that cost and see if there is anything that can be done to reduce costs. This would include tort reform, allowing health care insurance to cross state boundaries, and reviewing pharmaceutical costs. Additionally, consideration should be given to practicing good health medicine and natural remedies.

Government bureaucracy is never the answer.
No.
No.
That's a local issue best handled by college boards. Students can help by using their freedom to attend colleges that are a better value for their tuition dollar.
Until we have a truly effective vetting process for refugees from terrorist states, this should be stopped. Look at what is happening in Europe and decide if that is acceptable to occur on our shores. Our national security and the lives of our citizens are at stake.
No. Legislation could be used to counter it per checks and balances in the constitution.
We don't want to regulate what a company can or can't do in regard to its operations. However, when it comes to government support in the form of endorsements, tax incentives, or grants, we should only provide these, in a limited capacity, to those companies that put the US first. We can help them make that choice by reducing business taxes and simplifying the tax code.
As stated in the above paragraph, by getting the federal government out of the way of free enterprise and removing the burdens and costs that get passed on to the consumer and employees.
No. Going to go with tradition on that. President has replaced 22% of court.
Role of congress is described in the constitution and has nothing to do with party.
Only in the minds of the media and other agenda driven individuals.
How did it work with the democratic majority? The congress has not done its job in passing a budget rather than a continuing resolution, insuring that it is the only part of the federal government that makes law, listening to its constituency, providing for national security, and being public, not self serving, servants.
More agenda driven newspeak for class warfare. It's a common tactic used to divide a nation against itself so that totalitarians can be accepted as the only ones who can make things right. Learn from history so we are not condemned to repeat it here.
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Like income equality, the term racial inequality is used as a divisive tool. Those that dedicate themselves to succeed in this country usually do so regardless of race. That is what the US has always been about and why people from around the world seek to come here.
No. Fourteenth amendment was about the children of slaves. Review the arguments at the time of the amendment. It was never meant to give citizenship to individuals who happen to be born here whose parent or parents were not US citizens.
Elimination of all government support in the forms of financing, housing, and benefits along with making their employment illegal. This should cause major self deportment. Can handle those remaining individually. Banning sanctuary cities and prosecuting those that aid and abet illegal aliens should also be done.
This is a state issue but as a citizen, I would support it with my vote directly or through my elected officials.
Look at how we handle our mentally ill. Also, insist on the prosecution of those that apply for guns but get turned down with the background check presently done for firearm purchases.
Safeguard social security for those that have contributed. Provide alternatives for those that desire another program. Put congress and other federal workers in the program.
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City of residence Detroit Mi
Age 77
Family Sammie Louise, daughter (deceased)
Education Grew up under Jim Crow, Alabama, learned to survive by fighting. My mother taught me. Lived in LA, then Detroit, got GED here. Went to WSU Labor School for two years.
Vehicles owned Chevrolet Impala, 2006
Professional Experience 30 years I was active in union at Chrysler -- Dodge Main, Lynch Road, McGraw Glass. No matter where I was, I was always a fighter, standing together with other workers. Sometimes I held union office, sometimes active as a rank-and-file militant.
Political Experience I ran for Congress as independent in 2014, to speak for the working class. Worked with other people to put a new party on the ballot in 2016, Working Class Party. We said that working class does the work, makes country run, but is cheated out of what we produce. 50,000 people agreed enough to sign for us. We say working people need own party.
Race/ethnicity Black American born in South, discovered when I went to LA, that it was just as racist as the South.
no party nominee.
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Response? No, the state through the financial managers, various state departments and the governor's office made conscious decisions that caused the crisis. They are all criminals, and should be judged like that.
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What did the federal government come up with? Loans that Flint and its people will have to repay. If this had happened in a wealthy suburb, the feds would have been right there.
If the aim of government is to serve the people, it would immediately get rid of those lines. But Congress won't do that, not quickly, not in years.
The problem of jobs in this country is what companies do here, cutting jobs, pushing us to put out more work, pushing us for longer hours, cutting wages in deals like 2-tier. They outsource to other low wage companies in this country. Talking about trade deals hides the real dangers we face right here. That's what we need to fight against, bosses like Chrysler or Ford or GM or all the rest.
There can't be fair taxes when wealth dominates politics. Let that wealthy 10% that steals all the money, let them pay all the taxes. That would be fair.
“Obamacare” was not set up to serve the majority, the working people. And it wasn’t just Obama who did it. It was set up to make money for big companies. It restricts how much care we can get, instead of restricting the amount of money the big drug companies make, or the big hospital chains make. This is the richest country on the planet, yet we have worse health care than countries with much less money. You know that’s a problem. The basic principle for health care should be that there would be no cost. Medical care can mean your life. No price should be put on our lives.
Like other black men I was often harassed by cops when I was young, and I didn’t go along with that. Usually, I was picked up, then let go the next day. Too many times to remember dates. But once in LA I was beaten by four cops, then taken to jail. Two days later I was brought to court, charged with “resisting arrest.” I was resisting. I hadn’t done anything wrong. But I was fined.
No
Colleges should stop doing free research for big corporations, who take the patents and profit from them.

One of the duties of a government serving working people should be to provide complete free education to every child all the way through upper levels. Why not? Education is necessary for all of us. And there’s money there to do it – but it’s used to increase profit for big companies. Use that money so that every child can become educated.
People are coming here from the Middle East because of wars the U.S. and Europe are carrying out there. Their countries are destroyed. That’s why people from Iraq and Syria come here. Those people aren’t our enemies. That upper class, the ones that exploit us, use us, take our labor, carry out wars, they are the enemy. Stop their wars. We are hurt by their wars. Other people are hurt.

Money runs everything, so it’s no surprise that money buys and sells candidates and buys elections. It’s always been true. Didn’t start with Citizens United ruling. In a society that was democratic, every party would get a hearing. Every person that works could vote – whether you work today, or are retired, or laid off, or looking for work or are a woman or a man home taking care of their kids. We should all vote, simply because we work. That won’t happen until the working class puts its needs first, until we fight for what everyone needs. Then we can have a decent life and a better life, we’ll bring it back to our needs.

This is the same propaganda aimed at making us think workers in other countries are the problem. No, the big companies here are the problem. They’re the one making the decisions to take jobs, or move plants. They move plants all the time, not just to other countries, but inside this country, from one city to another, one state to another. Look what Chrysler did to Highland Park when it moved out to Auburn Hills. If it’s a problem for people here, then these companies are the ones we have to fight against, no matter where they go or what they do.
The government can’t solve our problems. Working people have to use our forces to impose what all the people need. We need jobs. Once working people begin to fight, and begin to understand the forces they have, they’ll start to stand together to make the changes we all need. The first thing workers would do about the economy is make sure that everyone who wants a job can have a job – take money from the profits of the corporations, use it to provide jobs with decent wages. Take money the government gives away to the corporations to fix the things that need fixing, that would provide jobs. That’s the “American standard of life” that we should all have.
We can't keep looking at someone else to solve our problems for us. The two parties just play a game with each other and the Supreme Court is part of the game. Working people need our own party.
See answer to next question.
The two parties may argue against each other, but for centuries they’ve both been working together to attack working people. That’s what’s wrong with politics in this country today. For the big majority of the population, things haven’t gotten better, they’ve gotten worse. And both parties are responsible, no matter who’s in Congress, who’s the president. That’s the real problem. Why should we keep waiting on either one to fix things? Working people need our own party.
See answer to previous question.
Isn't it obvious? The gap between the rich and everyone else keeps getting worse. Congress isn’t going to stop that. When the working class comes not to accept the old policies, then we can come together, bring about the changes we need. We have the forces to do that. We have the forces but today we use our force to make this country run for what the wealthy class wants. Well what about us? We have the force to make things run for what we need.
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Obviously it’s a serious problem – and for everyone. Racism is an attack on working people. It’s not only black people who suffer. When racism divides us, we’re all pushed back. That’s what I strongly disagree with. Who created racism and prejudice against various people – that upper class, they are the ones who create this, they are the ones who use it against us. If we want to stop the racial division we have to fight against the ones who created it.
Who are the immigrants? Most of them are working people. If they are working people, they should be one of us, all of the working people. Everyone in this country came from other countries, the slaves came from Africa four centuries ago, the others ever since. And we have all been used and abused by the people who brought us here. The people who brought all of us here created the problems. They try to create the divisions, try to set us against each other, try to get us fighting against ourselves. Other working people aren’t our enemies. That upper class, the ones that exploit us, use us, take our labor, they are the enemy.
No, obviously, no. See answer to previous question.
Redistricting is just a fight between Democrats and Republicans over who gets to run things for that capitalist class. The big problem is that working people have no place in politics, can’t be heard.
Violence, with guns, knives or fists, comes because people need things, and can’t get them. And their lives are pressure all the time. That’s what needs to be changed. This system feeds on poverty and poverty creates violence. Talking about “gun control” is just a smokescreen to avoid the real problems: people need jobs. We could all be working for fewer hours and higher wages. We produce enough wealth to make that happen. That’s what a workers’ party would fight for.
There is no reason for retirees to live in poverty. Shut off profits for the capitalist class – they don’t need it. Take their profits, use it for the income that people need when we are older, so we won’t live in poverty. Use it for jobs, so no one lives in poverty. But Congress won’t do anything like that. It comes back to the same problem. The working class is going to have to come together to make all the changes that need to be made. We’ve been waiting on Congress all this time and what do we have? We can build our own party, make our own decisions about what needs to be done.

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